Progesterone along with are responsible for and in females as they work together to regulate monthly cycles. The chemical compound is manufactured in the adrenal glands and the ovaries. Along with playing a role in , serves as a buffer against stress. Abnormally low levels of the hormone are linked to various medical conditions that include infertility, monthly cycles, headaches, miscarriages, PMS and polycystic ovarian . Additionally, when progesterone levels decline, levels increase, which researchers also believe leads to symptoms.
Low Progesterone Symptoms
Researchers now know that the hormone produces an overall calming effect similar to . Along with , the many symptoms associated with low progesterone include:
Progesterone Chain Reaction
The hormone is necessary to make estrogen, and other corticosteroidal and steroidal hormones. When progesterone levels become insufficient, the body cannot make these vital compounds. As a result, estrogen levels may suffer, which has an effect on the . The chemical compound is responsible for regulating sleep/wake cycles, how we pain and mood regulation. Low levels also adversely affect mood.
When under stress, the adrenal glands release . Habitual stress eventually depletes the adrenal glands of the hormone and adrenal occurs, which leads to , depression, insomnia and an inability to deal with stress. Without enough progesterone, the body cannot replace . The thyroid gland cannot function efficiently without the help of progesterone, which assists thyroid hormones. Depression is a common of hypothyroidism.
Effects on the Brain
The limbic system in the brain is where emotions are generated. This region is also known to contain the majority of progesterone receptors. The hormone acts as a natural oxidase inhibitor by increasing dopamine and serotonin levels. The compound additionally interacts with GABA receptors, which increases the effectiveness of GABA. GABA is another compound that balances moods and encourages sleep.
When progesterone levels drop during monthly cycles, estrogen levels rise. As a result, the body retains more copper and eliminates more zinc. These mineral imbalances are also to contribute to depression symptoms. Progesterone levels also gradually decrease as a woman approaches . One study of women going through the various phases of found that when the brain was depleted of the hormone, women experienced a wide range of symptoms that ranged from anxiety and depression to rage.
Low Progesterone And Depression: “”
Related Psychology Terms
Cite this page: Nugent, Pam M.S., “Low Progesterone And Depression,” in PsychologyDictionary.org, March 25, 2016, https://psychologydictionary.org/article/low-progesterone-and-depression/ (accessed July 15, 2018).